Governors of Texas, present. Governor, Party, Years in Office, Legislatures as Governor * · Greg Abbott, Republican, January 20, - January 15. Governors of Texas, present. Related Links Pre-Republic Governors of Texas, | Lieutenant Governors of Texas | Portraits of Texas Governors. The Governor of Texas is the head of the executive branch of Texas 's government and the by the legislature. The current Governor is Greg Abbott. Term length : Four years, no term limit. Clements Republican January 20, - January 15, January 16, - January 18, 70th - 72nd 66th - 68th Dolph Briscoe Democrat January 16, - January 16, 63rd — 66th Preston Smith Democrat January 21, - January 16, 61st — 63rd John B. Box , Austin, Texas Department Physical Address: Lee O'Daniel 5 Democrat January 17, - August 4, 46th — 47th James V Allred Democrat January 15, - January 17, 44th — 46th Ross S. Past Governors Bios Montana: As the 48th Governor of the State of Texas, Greg Abbott continues to build on his long record as a conservative leader who fights to preserve Texas values like faith, family and freedom. Events Guide Television Theater Video: Past Governors Bios Alaska: Past Governors Bios Tennessee: The Governor's powers, term of office, qualifications, and installation are established by Article 4 of the Texas Constitution. Rick Perry Texas - Republican Gov. Appointed provisional governor by General Philip Sheridan in an order dated July 30, Pease , Miriam A. He defeated Chris Bell, James Werner, Richard "Kinky" Friedman, Carole Keeton Strayhorn and James "Patriot" Dillon in the general election. Prior to the November general election, Texas was one of 23 Republican state government trifectas. Past Governors Bios Hawaii: About Publications Management Resources Careers Corporate Fellows Site Map. Past Governors Bios Michigan: Jester 4 Democrat January 21, - July 11, 50th — 51st Tower defense spiel R. Since its establishment, only one man has served in excess of eight years as governor: Past Governors Bios Arizona: The governor may grant pardons in cases other than impeachment but only when recommended by the Board of Pardons and Paroles or in the case of treason , with permission by the legislature. Past Governors Bios Colorado: Bush 2 Republican January 17, - December 21, 74th — 76th Ann W. This page was last modified on 8 April , at The New York Times window.